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KAPAP Components

KAPAP has four components three of which are continuation of the components supported in Phase I.

The objective is to support policy and institutional framework required to increase agricultural productivity in the country. This component has two sub-components:

1.1 Policy and institutional support sub-component - This sub-component seeks to deepen the policy/reform implementation agenda in the agricultural sector, through a sector-wide consultative process in line with the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS).The component also supports the development of priority sector policies and their implementation frameworks e.g. livestock, aquaculture, co-operatives and agribusiness. Other areas of support are the cross-cutting concerns of gender, environmental and social policies and their frameworks.

1.2 Project implementation and M&E sub-component - This sub-component supports project implementation structures, monitoring and Evaluation (M&E), Management Information System (MIS) and the development of a sector wide information and communications strategy.

This component supports continuation of reforms initiated during phase I in the agricultural research sector. Reforms would have the sector encompass a plurality of actors and become more efficient and accountable. The component has two sub-components:

2.1 Support to National Agricultural Research System sub-component

The sub-component supports the revision and operationalization of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) policy and its implementation framework; investments that will facilitate enhanced coordination, resource sharing and capacity building in the NARS; and the review and approval/enactment by the Government of the NARS policy, its legal and implementation frameworks.

Establishment of coordination mechanisms for the critical NARS institutions, namely; Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), commodity research institutes, fisheries and forestry research institutes, and universities undertaking agricultural research and training is a key focus of the revised NARS policy. Effective coordination mechanisms would result into the exploitation of synergies among these institutions for greater outputs and impact.

2.2 Support to KARI sub-component - This sub-component supports KARIs strategic research programs promoting an agricultural innovation approach in line with the institutions Strategic Plan (2008-2012). The research programs address client market needs, and focus more on value addition, and impact. Institutional reforms aimed at making KARI more efficient in executing its research mandate, and in positioning itself to play a leading role in a reformed and strengthened NARS is also supported. Other areas of support include development of sustainable research funding mechanisms to reduce the dependency of KARI and other NARS institutions on Development Partner funding.

The objective is to support the Government to implement the National Agricultural Sector Extension Policy (NASEP). Laying the foundation for sustainable agricultural production systems through farmers access to demand-driven support services and the empowerment of farmers and other stakeholders in the Projects targeted areas is intended. The component has two sub-components.

3.1 Agricultural extension sub-component - This sub-component supports the implementation of the new National Agricultural Sector Extension Policy (NASEP). Activities include implementation of a pluralistic, participatory, demand-driven and market oriented, professional and decentralized extension system; a harmonized sector-wide extension service; promoting PPPs for competitive demand driven extension service delivery; and improving farmer access to technical and market information through use of ICT.

3.2 Farmers and other stakeholders empowerment sub-component - This sub-component supports the empowerment and organization of farmers/clients and service providers to transform from subsistence to commercial agriculture. The objective is to help farmers produce what they can market rather than trying to market what they produce. Farmers associations and fora at division, county and national levels are to be strengthened through participatory needs assessment, prioritization and development of appropriate intervention strategies, action plan implementation, and monitoring.

The objective is to empower public and private stakeholders along commodity value chains to plan, design and set-up sustainable agribusinesses services aimed at value addition and linking producers to input and output markets. The component aims at assisting farmers to produce what they can market in a profitable manner.The component has two sub-components:

4.1 Support to Agribusiness Development sub-component - The focus of this sub-component is creating a network of regional and national level Agribusiness Development Centres to lead Value Chain development processes that link target groups to input and output markets, credit facilities and weather based risk insurance. Agro-Food Parks to facilitate agro-processing are to be created throughout the country initially staring with four regions

One Agro-Food Park is to be constructed in each of the four selected regions to facilitate agro-processing and provide market infrastructure for selected Value Chains. The selected chains are dairy in Central; fruits in Coast; grains in Rift Valley; and meats in North Eastern regions. Based on the performance of these four value chains, poultry and vegetable Agribusiness Development Centres will later be set up in Nyanza and Western regions respectively.

4.2 Linking rural agro-processing activities to off-grid energy sub-component - The objective is to spur agro-processing in the rural areas. KAPAP in conjunction with Rural Electrification Authority and Ministry of Energy is to pilot the practicability of linking agro-processing units to off-grid renewable energy sources e.g. mini-hydro, biomass, wind, and solar; and introduce and test business models that demonstrate sustainability and ease of replication. Matching grants for five off-grid energy projects promoted by Common Interest Groups (CIGs) or Medium and Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs) based on demand is to be provided.

Given the great emphasis and focus on PPPs under KAPAP especially in the promotion and delivery of extension and agribusiness services, strong partnerships will be forged with private sector players.